You want your unit to have the absolute best in training and handling. At Custom Canine Unlimited , we offer reputable law enforcement, security, and military K9 training to satisfy the needs of police, security, and the military. Our line of offers include green or trained working dogs, developed training courses, and a comprehensive line of K9 products.
When you choose us, you get the absolute finest in training and products in the industry. Are you interested in the various types of K9 training methods? When you look into K9 training , you will find the following common methods. The name of this training is pretty self explanatory.
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However, this type of training is an advanced version of basic obedience training. Advance Obedience training requires the dog to maintain their skills over time. While obedience training is to teach skills like sit and stay.
Advanced training introduces multi-command skills that require consistent maintenance. In this training, you learn how to handle aggressive or other behavior issues. A good dog is a socialized dog. Meanwhile, there is a difference between pathological mental illness and unruly but otherwise perfectly healthy dog that has simply never been taught how to behave properly. In truth, if your goal includes competitive dog sports like obedience, agility and tracking, or you want a working service dog or a police K9 you best not look first to the animal behaviorist.
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You do not need an academic animal behaviorist when a dog trainer will do, just as kids need good teachers to give them guidance and education, not therapists and medications. Please do not be fooled by the title Animal Behaviorist. Many years of schooling, residency, research and practice in veterinary medicine may not measure up to equivalent experience with training dogs in, and for, real life.
As far as actual dog training, most of the methods suggested by the behaviorist range from vague to flat-out irresponsible, and potentially or significantly harmful. Either way, my goal here is to generate points for a free and scientifically-valid discussion concerning the ways dogs behave and learn. I hope both to refute some of the criticism aimed at dog trainers, and explore both differences and common ground in training approaches while avoiding theoretical and ideological dead ends. Positive Reinforcement is a brilliant approach, and should be used whenever possible, though an obvious condition for Positive reinforcement to work is that the dog wants your reinforcer reward.
Like their colleagues the behaviorists, these dog trainers follow the same core ideology and often meet and network at seminars or educational events and workshops. The rejection and attacks on punishment and negative reinforcement are coming particularly from the advocates of a strictly Skinnerian model of understanding behavior. Dogs make liberal use of physical corrections with each other; this instance where one could make an analogy between inter se canid behavior and dog-human behavior is rejected by behaviorists because it does not fit with their reward-only training ideology.
What is missing is evidence that this ideology is either morally or scientifically superior. In the absence of evidence, arguments are made on the basis of self-interest and emotion. As training is a popular service for dog owners, it is to be expected that jostling for credibility and market share among its practitioners will take place, but persuasive scientific results remain elusive. A follower of Skinner, Pryor falls back on a misleading "bait and switch" strategy to oppose all use of punishment.
Her lively and sometimes humorous analogies illustrate how the theory Positive Reinforcement only should facilitate superior outcomes compared to positive punishment, but her analogies between positive reinforcement and positive punishment are misleading to say at least. Glorifying positive reinforcement with simple examples of success, and showing how punishment does not work with extremely poor examples of its application portends a generalization: that all dogs all respond the same way to any single training method.
Nevertheless the book is an important read for anyone who works with dogs. These criticisms are founded on, among other things,.
Training Police Dogs and Military Dogs Using Positive Methods
If you have been to SeaWorld more than three times, the chances are that you were present for at least one show that was cancelled because the whales did not want to perform. Or, you may have witnessed them perform until there is something more interesting around and they happen to have the opportunity to investigate. For example, if a pelican lands in the aquarium during a show, all orcas immediately cease performing and because there is nothing the trainers can do to make them continue, the show is cancelled. I live just forty-five minutes away from Orlando SeaWorld and back when they still had the shows with trainers in the water, we used to take our out of town friends to these performances.
What was obvious to me time and time again is that no matter how much the whales were punished with social isolation or food deprivation, they still refused to perform the tricks reliably. These strategies are not positive but punitive, and I think we experience a profound cognitive dissonance as come we to understand that the "Positive Reinforcement Only" trainer first has to punish in order to create in the animal a desire to be positively- reinforced.
Generally speaking, as a cohort the main focus and goal of all positive dog trainers is rehabilitation of shelter dogs and very basic pet-focused training. There are several nationwide associations with regular yearly events promoting the style of training and opportunities for its proponents to meet and network with one another.
If they are involved in dog sports at all, the "Positive Reinforcement Only" trainers are generally participating and succeed most often in sports such as agility, free style dancing with dogs , and fly ball. The dog could be traumatized for life, and who would want that? Yet to create such permanent and dramatic effect on the dog is not so easy, and besides, our objective is to learn how to teach correctly, not to damage the dog either physically or psychologically.
But I know that the argument posed by the positive-only trainer strikes a sensitive chord in anyone who cares for their dog, and leaves reasonable doubts about the possibility of trauma. The idea is that instead of addressing the bad behavior directly, and stopping it by using punishment procedures, they endeavor through positive reinforcement to increase the occurrence of completely different desirable behaviors.
To make the picture clear for all, consider a dog engaged in something as simple and natural as what may occur when a certain dog spots a squirrel in the park. The positive-only trainer has few options, entirely limited by ideology.
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Depending on the procedure selected, they will be "differentially reinforcing" rewarding under certain conditions :. Later upon reflection, food deprivation and social isolation most likely will find their place in the plan of action as well, likely associated with the reinforcing of an alternative behavior.
It is also possible to actually allow the dog to chase a squirrel on cue with the hope that it will only chase it when the cue is given. I will go in detail of the differential reinforcement strategies in the Reinforcement chapter of the book. Nevertheless it has the potential to become an indirect and very long term project that will never truly address the issue at hand:. Yet, this actually can be a simple straightforward concept for the dog to quickly grasp.
Contrary to a very popular myth, the dog does not need to have a PhD in obedience advanced titles or already know the alternatively-desired behavior in order to stop the chasing of the squirrels. Their ideology limits and prevents them from being as good, when they have to deal with Competitive Reinforcers, specifically the ones that are more extreme and the ones that trainer is not able to predict or control.
When we are talking about crossing the line to certain level of food deprivation and social isolation, such manipulations are by no means harmless to the dog. Another very important factor to consider is that positive reinforcement-only trainers work primarily with dogs that are neutered or spayed. In case of an intact dog they will very strongly advise surgical alteration castration first, before proceeding with training. The earlier in development the altering is done, the less the dog develops sexually.
This is hormonal change that affects the dog and it completely changes his lifestyle and make up.
While castration may decrease the incidences of some tumors and medical conditions, it is both a well- known and a scientifically-proven fact that it also increases the incidences of various tumors and other medical conditions. Benjamin L.
Hart, UC Davis- It often comes as a surprise to learn that for these reasons, other countries consider castration to be inhumane, and may even be against the law. Norway is just one example. This is a risky position to adopt in a world where more and more owners regard dogs as children.
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They will not go out at night to meet up with the opposite sex, won't fight or compete for a girlfriend or boyfriend; this will reduce crime and wars around the world tremendously. On a more serious note, I want the reader to understand that if we change the makeup of a dog by castration, we are dealing with a completely different member of the species, and accordingly most of the training methods that apply to this case certainly may not be as effective while working with intact dogs.
And at the other end of the spectrum is an unanswered question about the effect and ramification of the regular use of spay and neuter, i. It is extremely rare to see the positive-only trainer involved in Protection Dog Sports, Police and Military K9 programs, or field work hunting dogs , herding, more so when we consider that most of these dogs are intact, sexually mature, self-aware, and possessed of individual character. I find that even when it comes down to rehabilitation of problem dogs in shelter this attitude can be pervasive.
This is a short path to euthanasia for far too many dogs. They would rather stay thinking inside their narrow box, comfortable with themselves than giving positive punishment and negative reinforcement options a try. I am not the only one to have witnessed this first- hand as an employee in a municipal shelter or SPCA; in San Francisco, I spent five years as someone who was responsible of evaluating and, rehabilitating problem dogs to fit back in society. In other words, there are behaviors that the rats in the maze or the dolphins at Sea World do not have an opportunity to demonstrate.
Being narrow-minded when considering what a trainer can do is not the sole prerogative of the no-force culture.
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